The creation of an emissions report is one of the main duties of a plant operator.
In a CO2 emissions report, the operator calculates and collects all emissions from the plant by the end of March of each year, which have arisen through the use of primary energies. This includes not only the usual primary energies such as gas, oil, coal, biomass, etc. that produce CO2 emissions during combustion, but also the emissions caused by chemical processes. This applies, for example, to the steel and cement industries, ceramics and chemical industries.
Measuring emissions in plants is, by the way, extremely complex and technically inaccurate. Therefore, the determination of emissions is usually done by measuring the quantities of fuel used in your plant, which is then taken from the emission factor. The calculation methods by which the annual amount of relevant emissions (CO2, N2O, PFC, etc.) is determined and converted into CO2 equivalents are specified in the monitoring plan.
After entering all data into a Forms Management System (FMS), the annual report is handed over to a verifier (independent auditor) who examines the report within his auditing company in a dual control process and approves it if all legal requirements are met. The annual report is then transmitted electronically by the operator to the DEHSt authority by 31 March.
Additional duties relating to the emissions report include the entry of the verified total quantity of CO2 tonnes of the previous year in the operator’s registry account (VET entry). This must be done by 31 March. The VET entry (Verified Emissions Table) must be confirmed by two different persons.